Afghanistans Blue Treasure: Lapis Lazuli Lailee McNair Bakhtiar

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Published: May 7th 2012

Kindle Edition

127 pages


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Afghanistans Blue Treasure: Lapis Lazuli  by  Lailee McNair Bakhtiar

Afghanistans Blue Treasure: Lapis Lazuli by Lailee McNair Bakhtiar
May 7th 2012 | Kindle Edition | PDF, EPUB, FB2, DjVu, AUDIO, mp3, ZIP | 127 pages | ISBN: | 3.57 Mb

The history and utilization of lapis lazuli since ancient times. The documentation lends an understanding for the story of this blue stone, which has been appreciated since antiquity. It addresses archeological and historical facts and reveals theMoreThe history and utilization of lapis lazuli since ancient times. The documentation lends an understanding for the story of this blue stone, which has been appreciated since antiquity. It addresses archeological and historical facts and reveals the importance of the mineral, as it was utilized as a talisman.

Lapis lazuli is a semi precious stone which appears in the most ancient civilizations known to man. It is found in Neolithic tombs in Mauritania and in the Caucasus. In Mesopotamia archeological finds have shown the evolution of the economic and artistic uses of the ornamental stone. In ancient Sumer, the stone was used thousands of years ago.This mineral arrived from Badakshan, Afghanistan and Mesopotamia, was a central commercial destination for this precious material that artists transformed to luxury objects.

The trade between ancient Iraq and Afghanistan occurred over 4,000 years ago and at a distance of more that 2500 kilometers to the East. The importation of lapis was particularly important at the beginning of the Third dynasty which marked the apogee of Ur. The objects that artists created included cylinder seals, necklaces, animal statuettes, and inlay on important statues.Much of the lapis from Ur is conserved in the British Museum. These objects demonstrate a high degree of sophistication in the art of glyptic.

The abundance of lapis lazuli in the tombs showed its demand, which continued in traditions in Persia and the Orient due to the ritual value of lapis lazuli. Lapis lazuli was exported to Egypt from Iraq in the predynastic period and was found in the wealthiest of the tombs of the first dynasties. Since earliest times the people of the Orient, the Hebrews, Persians, Babylonians, Assyrians, Egyptians utilized the blue stone.



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